Komodo Island is the wonder of nature, NTT Indonesia

One  of the seven wonders of nature is KOMODO ISLAND. small island in Indonesia, province of Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT). small island, but Komodo island is  very beauty, famous. the are the only Dragon on the world. its called “KOMODO”, biggest reptile one on earth. you can see only in indonesia. Many things that you can see and do here. An amazing experience when you see the Komodo dragon up close in their natural habitat along the guide of course. On the island of Rinca, you can see the dragons lie outside the national park rangers or lying near a house officer. Previously, to be able to see the Komodo dragon, you have to give a goat to attract the attention of the Komodo dragon, but it is already prohibited at this time.

If you did not get to see the Komodo, Rinca and Komodo island it has beautiful scenery with white sandy beaches, mangrove forests, grasslands, savanna, and crystal clear blue beaches.

Here also you can do the activity of others such as diving and snorkeling. You can also go to sea with a sailboat or fishing boat. Suggested dive sites is Red Beach, Batu Bolong, and the island of Tatawa.

On Red Beach you will enjoy the beautiful beaches of pink sand. When the waves of change sweeping the sand color pink widened. This beach is estimated there are only 7 in the world. Coral reefs under the sea is amazing because it occupied a variety of colorful fish such as bat fish, butterfly fish, and clown fish. Estimated at 1000 species of fish, 260 coral species and 70 species of sponge. How, interested?

When you are in the boat do not be surprised when greeted by a dolphin, even if lucky you can see green sea turtles or whales swim in these waters.

If you want to see thousands of bats then you can stay in a motor boat in waters near the island of Rinca Island Bats.

The following is a description of nature in Komodo National Park:

Terrestrial Fauna

Animals that live in the Land

On this island the animals that live on land much smaller than the sea animals. However, even on land inhabited by little animals but it is a habitat for unique animals dragons. There are also many unique animals such as mammals, deer, pigs, monkeys, and ferrets. Some reptiles and birds are similar as found in Australia. Scrubfowl including orange-legged, Lesser Sulpher-crested Cockatoo, and nosy friarbird.

beside Komodo dragons, there are reptiles than 12 species of snakes that live inland island. Including the cobra (Naja naja sputatrix), Russel’s pit viper (Vipera russeli), and the venomous green tree snake (Trimeresurus albolabris). Lizards include 9 skink species (Scinidae), geckos (Gekkonidae), not limbed lizards (Dibamidae), and lizards (Varanidae). Bullfrog frog species such as Asia (Kaloula baleata), Oreophyne jeffersoniana, and Oreophyne darewskyi. They can usually be found in the humid highlands.

Mammals include timor deer (Cervus timorensis), the main prey Komodo dragon, horses (Equua sp.), Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), boar (Sus scrofa vittatus), long-tailed monkey (Macaca fascicularis), palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphrodites lehmanni ), mice that exist only on the island of Rinca (Rattus rintjanus), and fruit bats. You can also find goats, dogs, and cats.

Bird is one of the major species here. There scrubfowl legged orange (Megapodius reinwardti), birds that live on land. Savanna grasslands in the region there are 27 species that you can observe. Striata and Streptopelia chinensis Geopelia is the most common species. There are also 28 species of birds, Philemon buceroides, Ducula aenea, and Zosterops chloris the most frequently encountered.

Marine Physical Environment
Marine areas form 67% of the national park. Open waters of the park has a depth of 100 and 200 m. Strait of Rinca and Flores and Padar and Rinca, are relatively shallow depth of 30 to 70 m, with a large current. The combination of strong current, rocks and small islands to the islands around Komodo Island is difficult to reach and dangerous. Within the safe harbor contained in Loh Liang bay on the east coast of the island of Komodo, Padar southeast coast, and Gulf of Loh Kima and Loh Dasami on Rinca.

In the northern part of the national park, the water temperature ranges between 25-29 º C. In the middle, the water temperature ranges between 24 and 28 º C. Lower water temperatures in the south, ranges between 22-28 º C with a salinity of about 34 ppt and the water was quite clear even though the water is close to the island a bit murky.

Marine Ecosystems
Indonesia is the only region that is passed to the equator in the world where there is exchange of marine flora and fauna between the Pacific and Indian oceans. Corridor in the Nusa Tenggara (formerly Lesser Sunda islands) between the Sunda and Sahul transfer delay between the Pacific and Indian oceans. 3 main ecosystems in Komodo National Park is the expanse of ocean, coral reefs and mangrove forests (mangroves). This park is national cetacean migration path.

Sea plants
Three major marine flora is algae, seagrass, and mangrove trees. Algae are primitive plants that have no roots, leaves and stems. The composition of the important reef algae are coralline red algae that secrete a hard limestone skeleton that can be crusted and attachment of dead coral. Or Seagrass Seagrass is a modern plant that produces flowers, fruits, harbor, and seeds for reproduction. As the name suggests, the shape of seagrass as a grass that grows under the sea in the sand near the sea.

Thalassa sp. and Zastera spp. is the most common species in national parks. Mangroves can live in salty soil or water and can be found throughout the park. Identified at least 19 native species of mangroves and some other mangrove species in the park boundaries.

Sea Animals
Komodo National Park are included in one of the world’s richest marine. Marine life in the park were as many as 259 species of coral and 1,000 species of fish such as barracuda, marlin, yellow tail, red snapper, rabbit fish. Here you can find foram, cnidarian, including over 260 species of coral reef composition, about 70 species of sponges, ascidians, marine worms, molluscs, echinoderm, crustaceans, cartilaginous, and bony fish more than 1,000 species of marine reptiles, and marine mammals such as dolphins, whales and dugongs. Some important species of commercial value is the sea cucumber (Holothuria), Napoleon wrasse (Cheilinus undulates), and fish such as sardines in group.

Transportation
There are flights every day and for the purpose of Bali-Labuan Bajo-Komodo Island or Bali Airport, each of which spent 1.5 hours.

Every day there are 2 to 3 flights from Bali to Labuan Bajo with TransNusa, IAT (Indonesia Air Transport), and Merpati. In addition, there are twice weekly flights from Kupang. Connecting inter-island boat from Sape in West Nusa Tenggara are also available daily, weather permitting, or boat from Bali and Lombok PELNI stop here every two weeks.

Ground transportation from the East as in mainland Flores, Ruteng, Bajawa, Ende and Maumere also available. If you are interested to travel far in Flores, you can start from the west as Maumere, Moni, Flores, Ende, Bena, Bajawa, Ruteng, and last Labuan Bajo (Komodo Island) or a round trip.

if you wanna go to Komodo Island in indonesia, here it is for your tips:

traveling tips in Komodo Island

sources

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